|Site||Location||River||Excavator & Year||Description|
|Harappa||Montgomery district of Pakistan||Ravi||M.s. vats and Rai Bahadur Dayaram sahni , 1921||It has been identified as Hariyupia, which is mentioned in the Rigveda. Gateway city, fortified wall, R-37 cemetry, work-men’s quarter,|
granary, copper chariot with canopy, citadel have been discovered.
|Indus||Rakhaldas benerjee , 1922|| It means in sindhi language ‘the mound of the dead’. |
The site excavated several times from 1922 to 1933 by K. N. Dikshit, Dayaram Sahni, E. J. H. Mackay, M.S. Vatsa and Hargreaves under the supervision of John Marshal.
Several mounds (Largest being 1170 mtrs long and 573 mtrs wide it was a citadel, Assembly Hall, A collegiate building in citadel, the great granary (45•71 mtrs. long and 15•23 mtrs. wide), the great Bath situated in citadel mound (It measures 11•88 x 7•01 mtrs. and 2•43 mtrs. deep), Red-Black polished ware, Bronze made dancing girl have been discovered.
|Chanhudaro||130 km far from Mohenjo-Daro in south||Indus||M.G.Mazumdar(1931C. Mackay (1935)|| This site is related to Pre-Harappan, Harappan, Jhukar & Jhangar culture. |
It was discovered that most of the inhabitants of Chanhudaro were artist.
Evidences of bead making, bronze shaft hole axe, carved brick have been discovered.
km. far from Mohenjodaro
Fazl Ahmad Khan (1955)
| This site is related to both Pre-Harappan and Harappan culture. |
Fortified wall, arrow heads of stone, wheel made pottery, stone houses and Blade industry have been discovered.
near Makran coast close to the Pakistan-Iran border
|This site was an important coastal trade centre of Harappan culture. |
Several axes of copper, bangles of clay, pottery, bird whistle, human ashes have been discovered.
|Ropar||In Shivalika hills of Punjab||Sutlej||Yagya Dutta|
|This site is related to Harappan and Post¬Harappan culture. |
Dogs with men in grave, new types of pottery, Houses made by mud -bricks. Copper axes, clay pots, clay ornaments have been discovered.
|Lothal||Saragwala village in Ahmedabad district of Gujarat near Khambhat valley||Bhogva||S.R.Rao(1957)|| This site was divided into 3 architectural areas-(l) The citadel (2) The lower town and (3) The dockyard |
Pottery with the painting of clever fox, evidence of cotton, Bead factory, Iranian seal, Drill Ivory, Mummy, Stone anvils, copper ingots, whole tusks of elephant have been discovered.
|Kalibanga||Sri Ganganagar district of Rajasthan||Ghaggar||Amalanand|
B.B.LAL & B.K. Thapar(1961)
| Kalibangan means in local dialect-‘Black bangles’. |
This was known as third capital of Indus empire.
Bangles of copper, six types of pottery, blade of chalcedony and agate, terracotta, shell, a ploughed field, a fort, mud-brick fortification, stone blade, cart wheel have been discovered.
|Saraswati||R S. Bist (1973)||This site was related to Pre-Harappan |
and Harappan culture.
(ii) Houses of burnt bricks, weapons, seals,
terracotta figurines have been discovered.
|Alamgirpur||30 kilo –|
meters far from
|This site represents the last phase of |
(ii) Number of beads, terra cotta figurines have
|Rangpur||50 km.far in north- |
east from Lothal
|Bhadar||M. S. vats(1931) |
S. Ranganath Rao
|This site represents the pre-Harappan |
(ii) The beads, tools, ornaments, pottery, mud-
brick fortification have been discovered.
(iii) Goddess & seal evidences have not been
|Jagpati Joshi (1964)|
Bones of horses, a special cemetery covered
with a huge rock, bead making and
shopping complex etc. evidences have
been discovered. (ii) This site represents the last phase of Indus
|Tapti||Jagpati Joshi (1967)||Clay pots, a canal, ornaments, a harbour, a |
platform made by Mud-bricks have been
(ii) It has been discovered that this site was the
port of Indus valley civilization.
Deptt. of India (1962)
|Fortified walls, various ornaments, Red |
and Black clay pots, evidences of burning
have been discovered.
|Surajbhan (1968)||This site represents both the Harappan and |
(ii) Clay pots equally to Harappan pots, mud-
bricks, copper axe, evidences of planed city
have been discovered.
|Runn of |
|R S. Bisht (1990-91 to 2005)||Unique water management system, seven |
cultural stages have been discovered.
|Mortimer Wheeler||2500-1500 B.C.|
|R.S. Sharma||2500-1800 B.C.|
|John Marshall||3250-2750 B.C.|
|Fare Service||2000-1500 B.C.|
|C. Mackay||2800-2500 B.C.|
|Madho Swaroop Vatsa||3500-2700 B.C|
|Radio-Carbon Dating||2300-1750 B.C.|
|H. Heras||5600 B.C.|
|C.L. Facti||2800-2500 B.C.|
नोट : इस ब्लॉग पर प्रकाशित किसी भी आर्टिकल / मटेरियल/सामग्री का किसी भी दूसरे ब्लॉग/वेबसाइट पर किसी भी रूप में टेक्स्ट/ऑडियो / वीडियो या अन्य प्रकार से बिना अनुमति के प्रकाशित करना अपराध माना जायेगा. इस ब्लॉग पर उपलब्ध किसी भी सामग्री का किसी भी रूप में व्यावसायिक उपयोग (पुस्तक प्रकाशन या अन्य तरीके से ) कॉपीराइट एक्ट का उल्लंघन माना जायेगा.