श्योर सक्सेस मंत्रा
April 2, 2020
CORONAVIRUS DISEASE
April 4, 2020

WORLD AT A GLANCE , INTERNATIONAL GK GENERAL KNOWLEDGE

World :At a Glance

  • Total Independent countries -195
  • Dependencies & Areas of Special Sovereignty – 67
  • Total Members of the UNO- 193
  • World population – 7.108  billion

(Estimated by United States Census Bureau)

  •  Population Growth Rate – 1.095 %
  • Urban Population- 50.5 % of total Population
  • Annual Growth Rate of Urbanization-1.85 %
  •  Birth Rate –      18.9 births (Per 1000 population)
  •  Death Rate –     7.9 deaths (per 1000 population)
  •  Infant mortality rate – 37.61 deaths(per 1000 live births)
  • People Living with HIV/AIDS -33.3 million
  •  HIV/AIDS-death –     1.8 million
  • Life expectancy at birth-
  • Total- 68.09 years
  •  Male- 66.09 years
  •  Female- 70.24 years
  •  Total Area – 510.072 million sq. km.
  •  Total Land Area- 148.94 million sq. km.
  • Total Coastline  –  356,000 km
  •  Total Water Area – 361.132 million sq. km. (70.9 % water,29.1 %

               Land)

  • Land Boundaries –    251,060 km.
  • Lowest Point-   Bentley Subglacial Trench (Antarctica)- 2,555 mtr.
  • Highest Point  –         Mount Everest (8,850 mtr)
  • Administrative Divisions – 195 countries, 72 dependent areas

                    and entities.

  • Youngest countries of the World –
  •  South Sudan – July, 2011
  •  Montenegro – July, 2006
  • Serbia –              July,2006
  • East Timor   –      2002
  • Palau             –      1994
  • Czech Republic –  1993
  • Eritrea                 – 1993
  •  Slovakia              – 1993   
  • Oldest countries of the World –
  •  San Marino  – 301 AD
  • France             -486 AD
  •  Bulgaria         – 632 AD
  •  Denmark       –  950 AD
  •  Portugal        – 1143 AD
  •  Andorra         – 1278 AD

  •  Switzerland   – 1291 AD
  • Major Religions –

                                 Religion                      % Followers in World Population

  •  Christian                           33.39 %
  •  Muslim                             22.74 %
  •  Hindu                                 13.8 %
  •  Buddhist                             6.77 %
  •  Sikh                                      0.35 %
  •  Jewish                                  0.22 %
  •  Total Languages – It is estimated that up to 7,100 different

               languages are spoken around the world.

               Nearabout 2,300 of the world’s languages

               can be found in Asia, while Europe  has only

               280 languages .                             

  • Top 10 languages –

                             Languages                      % speakers in World Population

  •  Mandarin                            12.44 %
  •  Spanish                                 4.85 %
  •  English                                   4.83 %
  •  Arabic                                    3.25 %     
  •   Hindi                                     2.68 %
  •  Bengali                                   2.66 %
  • Portuguese                             2.62 %
  • Russian                                    2.12 %
  •  Japanese                                 1.80 %
  •  German                                   1.33 %
  • Total Continents –   7

Continent                             Area                                  Population

Asia-                   43,820,000 Sq. km.              4,164,252,000

Africa –                  30,370,000 sq. km.               1,022,234,000

North America –       24,490,000 sq. km.                 542,056,000

South America –       17,840,000 sq. km.                 392,555,000

Antarctica   –              13,720,000 sq. km                   –

Europe         –              10,180,000 sq. km.                738,199,000

Australia      –               9,008,500 sq. km.                  29,127,000

  •  Top 10 most populous countries of the world
  • China                 –  1,349,585,838
  •  India                 –  1,220,800,359
  •  United States  – 3,16668,567
  • Indonesia            -251,160, 124
  • Brazil                 –  201,009,622
  • Pakistan            -193,238,868
  • Nigeria              -174,507,539
  • Bangladesh    -163,654,860
  • Russia             – 142,500,482
  • Japan             – 127,253,075

  •   10  least populated countries of the world
  • Vatican  City              –  800
  •  Tuvalu                   –  10,000
  •  Nauru                   – 10,000
  • Palau                  –     21,000
  • San Marino            – 32,312
  • Monaco                   -35,881
  • Liechtenstein          -36,476
  • St. Kitts –                    54,000
  • Marshall Islands     – 54,305
  • Dominica               – 71,293
  •  
  • Top 10 Largest Countries in Area
  • Russia (Europe)                        –   17098242 sq. km.
  • Canada (North America)           –   9984670 sq. km.
  • USA (North America)                 –   9826675 sq. km.
  • China (Asia)                                 –   9596961 sq. km.
  • Brazil (South America)              –   8514877 sq. km.
  • Australia (Oceania)                    –   7741220 sq. km.
  • India (Asia)                                  –   3287263 sq. km.
  • Argentina (South America)      –   2780400 sq. km.
  • Kazakhastan(Asia)                      –   2724900 sq. km.
  • Algeria (Africa)                           –   2381741 sq. km.
  • 10  Smallest  countries of the world (In terms of Area)
  • Vatican City           –    0.44 sq. km.
  • Monaco                   –    1.95 sq. km.
  • Nauru                      –     21.2 sq. km.
  • Tuvalu                     –     26 sq. km.
  • San Marino             –     61 sq. km.
  • Liechtenstein          –   160 sq. km.
  • Marshall Islands          181 sq. km.
  • Seychelles                –   270 sq. km.
  • Maldives                   – 300 sq. km.
  • St. Kitts & Nevis       – 360 sq. km.

Continent-wise countries list

ASIA (47 countries)

S.No. Country Capital Currency Currency Abbreviation
1. Afghanistan Kabul Afghani AFA
2. Armenia Yerevan Dram AMD
3. Azerbaijan Baku Manat AZN
4. Bahrain Al-Manamah Bahraini Dinar BHD
5. Bangladesh Dhaka Taka BDT
6. Bhutan Thimphu Ngultrum BTN
7 Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Brunei Dollar BND
8. Cambodia Beijing Yuan CNY
9. China Nicosia Cypriot Pound CYP
10. Cyprus Phnom Penh Riel KHR
11. East Timor Dili U.S. Dollar USD
12. Georgia Tbilisi Lari GEL
13. India New Delhi Indian Rupee INR
14. Indonesia Jakarta Rupiah IDR
15. Iran Tehran Rial IRR
16. Iraq Baghdad Iraqi Dinar IQD
17. Israel Tele Aviv Shekel ILS
18. Japan Tokyo Yen JPY
19. Jordan Amman Jordanian Dinar JOD
20. Kazakhstan Akmola Tenge KZT
21. Korea (North) Pyongyang Won KPW
22. Korea (South) Seoul Won KRW
23. Kuwait Kuwait City Kuwaiti Dinar KWD
24. Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Kyrgyzstani Som KGS
25. Laos Vientiane Kip LAK
26. Lebanon Beirut Lebanese Pound LBP
27. Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Malaysian Ringgit MYR
28. Maldives Male Rufiyaa MVR
29. Mongolia Ulan-Bator Tugrik MNT
30. Myanmar Yangon Kyat MMK
31. Nepal Kathmandu Nepalese Rupee NPR
32. Oman Muscat Rial Omani OMR
33. Pakistan Islamabad Pakistani Rupee PKR
34. Philippines Manila Peso PHP
35. Qatar Doha Qatari Riyal QAR
36. Saudi Arabia Riyadh Riyal SAR
37. Singapore Singapore Singapore Dollar SGD
38. Sri Lanka Colombo Sri Lankan Rupee LKR
39. Syria Damascus Syrian Pound SYP
40. Tajikistan Dushanbe Tajik Rouble TJR
41. Thailand Bangkok Baht THB
42. Turkmenistan Ashgabat Turkmenistani Manat TMM
43. Turkey Ankara Turkish Lira TRY
44. United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi UAE Dirham AED
45. Uzbekistan Tashkent Uzbekistani Som UZS
46. Vietnam Hanoi Dong VND
47. Yemen Sana Riyal YER

AFRICA (53 countries)

S.No. Country Capital Currency Currency Abbreviation
1. Algeria Algiers Algerian Dinar DZD
2. Angola Luanda New Kwanza AON
3. Benin Porto-Novo Franc XAF
4. Botswana Gaborone Pula BWP
5. Burkina Faso Ouagadougou Burkina Faso Franc BFF
6. Burundi Bujumbura Burundi Franc BIF
7. Cameroon Yaoundé Franc XAF
8. Cape Verde Praia Escudo Caboverdiano CVE
9. Central African Republic Bangui Franc XAF
10. Chad N’Djamena Franc XAF
11. Comoros Moroni Comorian Franc KMF
12. Congo Brazzaville Franc XOF
13. Côte d’Ivoire Yamoussoukro Franc XOF
14. Djibouti Djibouti Djibouti Franc DJF
15. Egypt Cairo Egyptian Pound EGP
16. Equatorial Guinea Malabo Franc XAF
17. Eritrea Asmara Eritrean Nakfa ERN
18. Ethiopia Addis Ababa Birr ETB
19. Gabon Libreville Franc XAF
20. Gambia Banjul Dalasi GMD
21. Ghana Accra Cedi GHC
22. Guinea Conakry Guinea Franc GNS
23. Guinea-Bissau Bissau Guinea-Bissau Peso GWP
24. Kenya Nairobi Kenyan Shilling KES
25. Lesotho Maseru Loti LSL
26. Liberia Monrovia Liberian Dollar LRD
27. Libya Tripoli Libyan Dinar LYD
28. Madagascar Antananarivo Malagasy Franc MGF
29. Malawi Lilongwe Malawian Kwacha MWK
30. Mali Bamako Malian Franc MLF
31. Mauritania Nouakchott Ouguiya MRO
32. Mauritius Port Louis Mauritius Rupee MUR
33. Morocco Rabat Moroccan Dirham MAD
34. Mozambique Maputo Metical MZM
35. Namibia Windhoek Namibian Dollar and Rand NAD, ZAR
36. Niger Niamey West African Franc XOF
37. Nigeria Abuja Naira NGN
38. Rwanda Kigali Rwanda Franc RWF
39. Sao Tome and Principe Sao Tome Dobra STD
40. Senegal Dakar West African Franc XOF
41. Seychelles Victoria Seychelles Rupee SCR
42. Sierre Leone Freetown Leone SLL
43. Somalia Mogadishu Somali Shilling SOS
44. South Africa Cape Town Rand ZAR
45. South Sudan Juba South Sudanese Pound SSP
46. Sudan Khartoum Sudanese Pound SDG
47. Swaziland Mbabane and Lobamba Lilangeni SZL
48. Tanzania Dar es Salaam Tanzanian Shilling TZS
49. Togo Lome Franc XAF
50. Tunisia Tunis Tunisian Dinar TND
51. Uganda Kampala Ugandan Shilling UGS
52. Zambia Lusaka Zambian Kwacha ZMK
53. Zimbabwe Harare Zimbabwe Dollar ZWD
NORTH AMERICA (23 countries)
  S.No.   Country   Capital     Currency   Currency Abbreviation
1. Antigua and Barbuda St. Johns East Caribbean Dollar XCD
2. Bahamas Nassau Bahamian Dollar BSD
3. Barbados Bridgetown Barbados Dollar BBD
4. Belize Belmopan Belize Dollar BZD
5. Canada Ottawa Canadian Dollar CAD
6. Costa Rica San José Colón CRC
7. Cuba Havana Peso CUP
8. Dominica Roseau East Caribbean Dollar XCD
9. Dominican Republic St. Domingo Peso DOP
10. El Salvador San Salvador El Salvadorian Colón SVC
11. Grenada St. George’s East Caribbean Dollar XCD
12. Guatemala Guatemala Quetzal GTQ
13. Haiti Port-au-Prince Gourde HTG
14. Honduras Tegucigalpa Lempira HNL
15. Jamaica Kingston Jamaican Dollar JMD
16. Mexico Mexico City Mexican New Peso MXN
17. Nicaragua Managua Córdoba NIC
18. Panama Panamá Balboa PAB
19. St. Kitts and Nevis Basseterre East Caribbean Dollar XCD
20. St. Lucia Castries East Caribbean Dollar XCD
21. St. Vincent & the Grenadines Kingstown East Caribbean Dollar XCD
22. Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain Trinidad and Tobago Dollar TTD
23. United States of America Washington D.C. US Dollar USD
SOUTH AMERICA(12 Countries)
1. Argentina Buenos Aires Austral,  Neuvo Peso ARA, ARS
2. Bolivia La Paz Boliviano BOB
3. Brazil Brasilia Real R$
4. Chile Santiago Chilean Peso CLP
5. Colombia Bogota Colombian Peso COP
6. Ecuador Quito Sucre ECS
7. Guyana Georgetown Guyana Dollar GYD
8. Paraguay Asuncion Guarani PYG
9. Peru Lima New Sol PEN
10. Suriname Paramaribo Suriname Guilder SRG
11. Uruguay Montevideo Uruguayan New Peso UYU
12. Venezuela Caracas Bolivar VEB

Europe (45 countries)

S.No. Country Capital  Currency Currency Abbreviation
1. Albania Tirane Lek ALL
2. Andorra Andorra-la-vella Andorran Peseta, Euro ADP, EUR
3. Austria Vienna Euro EUR
4. Belarus Minsk Rouble BYR
5. Belgium Brussels Belgian Franc, now Euro BEF
6. Bosnia & Herzegovina Sarajevo Dinar BAD
7. Bulgaria Sofia Lev BGL
8. Croatia Zagreb Kuna and Croatian Dinar HRK, HRD
9. Czech Republic Prague Czech Koruna CZK
10. Denmark Copenhagen Danish Krone DKK
11. Estonia Tallinn Kroon EEK
12. Finland Helsinki  Markka, now Euro FIM
13. France Paris French Franc, now Euro FRF
14. Germany Berlin Deutsche Mark, now Euro DEM
15. Greece Athens Drachma, now Euro GRD
16. Hungary Budapest Forint HUF
17. Iceland Reykjavik Icelandic Krona ISK
18. Italy Rome Lire, now Euro ITL
19. Latvia Riga Lat LVL
20. Liechtenstein Vaduz Swiss Franc CHF
21. Lithuania Vilnius Litas LTL
22. Luxemburg Luxemburg Luxemburg Franc, now Euro LUF
23. Macedonia Skopje Macedonian Dinar MKD
24. Malta Valletta Maltese Lira MTL
25. Montenegro Podgorica Euro EUR
26. Moldova Kishinev Moldavian Leu MDL
27. Monaco Monaco French Franc, now Euro FRF, EUR
28. Netherlands Amsterdam, The Hague (political Capital) Dutch Guilder, now Euro NLG, EUR
29. Norway Oslo Norwegian Krone NOK
30. Northern Ireland Belfast Pounds Sterling
31. Poland Warsaw New Zloty PLN
32. Portugal Lisbon Escudo, now Euro PTE, EUR
33. Romania Bucharest Romanian Leu ROL
34. Russia Moscow Russian Federation Rouble RUR
35. San Marino San Marino Italian Lire ITL
36. Scotland Edinburgh Pound Sterling GBP
37. Serbia Belgrade Serbian Dinar RSD
38 Slovakia Bratislava Slovak Koruna SKK
39. Slovenia Ljubljana Tolar SIT
40. Spain Madrid Peseta, now Euro ESP, EUR
41. Sweden Stockholm Swedish Kroner SEK
42. Switzerland Berne Swiss Franc CHF
43. Ukraine Kiev Hryvna UAH
44. United Kingdom London Pound Sterling GBP
45. Vatican City Vatican City Italian Lire ITL

OCEANIA   (14 countries)

S.No. Country Capital Currency Currency Abbreviation
1. Australia Canberra Australian Dollar AUD
2. Fiji Suva Fiji Dollar FJD
3. Kiribati Bairiki Australian Dollar AUD
4. Marshall Islands Majuro US Dollar USD
5. Micronesia Palikir US Dollar USD
6. Nauru Yaren Australian Dollar AUD
7. New Zealand Wellington New Zealand Dollar NZD
8. Papua New Guinea Port Moresby Kina PGK
9. Palau Koror US Dollar USD
10. Samoa Apia Tala WST
11. Solomon Islands Honiara Solomon Islands Dollar SBD
12. Tonga Nuku’alofa Pa’anga TOP
13. Tuvalu Funafuti Australian Dollar AUD
14. Vanuatu Port-Vila Vatu VUV

Top 10 Largest Islands –

                         Islands                                                Area

  1. Greenland Island                     –   2,166,086 sq. km.
  2. New Guinea Island                  –   785,753   sq. km.
  3. Borneo Island                            –    751,929 sq. km.
  4. Madagascar Island                    –     587,713 sq. km.  
  5. Baffin Island                               –     507,451 sq. km.
  6. Sumatra Island                          –     472,784 sq. km.
  7. Honshu                                      –      227,963 sq. km.
  8.  Victoria Island                          –     217,291 sq. km.
  9. Great Britain Island                  –     209,331 sq. km.
  10. Ellesmere Island                     –      196,236 sq. km.

Top 10 Largest water bodies –

                       Water bodies                                        Area

  1. Pacific Ocean                 –   155.557 million sq. km.
  2. Atlantic Ocean                –   76.762 million sq. km.
  3. Indian Ocean                    –   68.556 million sq. km.
  4. Southern Ocean               –   20.327 million sq. km.
  5. Arctic Ocean                     –   14.056 million sq. km.
  6. Coral Sea                          –     4,184,100 sq. km.
  7. South China Sea             –      3,595,900 sq.km.
  8. Caribbian Sea                –      2.834 million sq. km.
  9. Bering Sea                      –      2.52 million sq. km.
  10. Mediterranean Sea      –      2.469 million sq. km.

Top 10 highest mountains (from sea level) –

                           Mountains                                         Height

  1. Mount Everest(China-Nepal)      –   8,850 m
  2. K2 (Pakistan)                                  –   8,611 m
  3. Kanchenjunga(India-Nepal)         –   8,598 m
  4. Lhotse (Nepal)                                –   8,516 m
  5. Makalu ( China-Nepal)                  –    8,463 m
  6. Cho Oyu(China-Nepal)                  –     8,201 m
  7. Dhaulagiri (Nepal )                         –     8,167 m
  8. Manaslu(Nepal)                              –      8,163 m
  9. Nanga Parbat(Pakistan)                 –      8,125 m
  10. Anapurna(Nepal)                            –       8,091 m

Top 10 longest rivers –             

  1. Nile River (Africa)                                    – 6,693 km 
  2. Amazon River (South America)          –   6,436 km
  3. Mississippi-Missouri River           -6,238 km

   (North-America)

  1. Yenisey Angara River  (Asia)               –   5,981 km
  2. Ob-Irtysh River  (Asia)                            –  5,569 km
  3. Yangtze River (Asia)                                –  5,525 km
  4. Yellow  River(Asia)                                  –  4,671 km
  5. Amur River (Asia)                                    –  4,352 km
  6. Lena River(Asia)                                       – 4,345 km
  7. Congo River(Africa)                               –  4,344 km

Top 10 largest natural lakes( by surface area) –                  

  1. Caspian Sea                              –   3, 72,960 sq.  km
  2. Lake Superior                           –    82,414 sq.km.
  3. Lake Victoria                             –    69,490 sq.km
  4. Lake Huron                                –    59,596 sq. km
  5. Lake Michigan                           –    57,441 sq. km
  6. Lake Tanganyika                       –     32,890 sq. km
  7. Great Bear Lake                       –      31,800 sq.km
  8. Lake Baikal                               –      31,494 sq. km
  9. Lake Nyasa                               –      30,044 sq. km
  10. Great Slave Lake                     –      28,400 sq. km

Top 10 largest deserts (Subtropical)

  1. Sahara Desert            –   3,320,000 sq.miles

(North Africa)          

  1. Arabian Desert(Middle East) –   900,000  sq. miles
  2. Kalahari Desert (Southern Africa) – 360,000 sq. miles
  3. Great Victoria Desert (Australia) -250,000 sq. miles
  4. Syrian Desert (Syria, Jordan, Iraq) –  200,000 sq. miles
  5. Chihuahuan Desert (Mexico, USA) -175,000 sq.miles
  6. Great Sandy Desert (Australia)   – 150,000 sq. miles
  7. Sonoran Desert (Mexico, USA)   –  120,000 sq. miles
  8. Thar Desert (India , Pakistan) –   77,000 sq. miles
  9. Gibson Desert (Australia)      –   60,000 sq. miles           

International Organizations:

At a Glance

UNITED NATIONS ORGANIZATION

  •  Official Name    –   United  Nations Organization
  •  Established          – 24 October, 1945 (Charter signed on 26 June, 1945)
  • Type of the Organization

–               – An International Inter-Governmental Organization

  •  Headquarters    – New York
Rounded Rectangle:    MEMBERS OF THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL
5 Permanent Members 
●China   ● France ●Russian Federation   ● United Kingdom ●USA 
10 Non- permanent Members 
●  Argentina (2014)   ● Australia (2014)  ● Azerbaijan (2013)  ● Guatemala(2013)  ●Luxembourg(2014)   ●Morocco(2013)   ● Pakistan(2013)   ● Republic  of Korea (2014)  ●    Rwanda  (2014)  ● Togo(2013)










 
*

   MEMBERS OF THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL

5 Permanent Members

●China   ● France ●Russian Federation   ● United Kingdom ●USA

10 Non- permanent Members

●  Argentina (2014)   ● Australia (2014)  ● Azerbaijan (2013)  ● Guatemala(2013)  ●Luxembourg(2014)   ●Morocco(2013)   ● Pakistan(2013)   ● Republic  of Korea (2014)  ●    Rwanda  (2014)  ● Togo(2013)

  • Official Languages – Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish
  • Working Languages – French  and English
  •  First Session – The First session of the General Assembly was held in   London on January 10, 1946.

Constitution – The Charter of the UN is the Constitution of the UNO. It is divided into  111 articles that explain the principles, purposes and operating methods of the organization.

 Principal Organs –

 The General Assembly

 The Security Council

The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)

The Trusteeship Council

The International Court Of Justice(ICJ)

The Secretariat

 Total member Countries -193

 UN Day                                – 24th October

Main purposes of the UN-           

To keep peace throughout the World

To develop friendly relations among nations

To help nations work together to improve the lives of  poor people, to conquer hunger, disease and illiteracy , and to encourage respect for each other’s rights and freedoms.

To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations to achieve these goals.

Salient Facts about United Nations-

South Sudan was admitted as a new member state by the United Nations General Assembly on 14 July, 2011.

 Zaire joined the United Nations on 20 September, 1960. On 17 May, 1997, its name was changed to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

UN MEMBER COUNTRIES(193 members)

Member Date of Admission
  Afghanistan 19 November 1946
  Albania 14 December 1955
  Algeria 8 October 1962
  Andorra 28 July 1993
  Angola 1 December 1976
  Antigua and Barbuda 11 November 1981
  Argentina 24 October 1945
  Armenia 2 March 1992
  Australia 1 November 1945
  Austria 14 December 1955
  Azerbaijan 2 March 1992
  Bahamas 18 September 1973
  Bahrain 21 September 1971
  Bangladesh 17 September 1974
  Barbados 9 December 1966
  Belarus 24 October 1945
  Belgium 27 December 1945
  Belize 25 September 1981
  Benin 20 September 1960
  Bhutan 21 September 1971
  Bolivia 14 November 1945
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 22 May 1992
  Botswana 17 October 1966
  Brazil 24 October 1945
  Brunei Darussalam 21 September 1984
  Bulgaria 14 December 1955
  Burkina Faso 20 September 1960
  Burundi 18 September 1962
  Cambodia 14 December 1955
  Cameroon 20 September 1960
  Canada 9 November 1945
  Cape Verde 16 September 1975
  Central African Republic 20 September 1960
  Chad 20 September 1960
  Chile 24 October 1945
  China 24 October 1945
  Colombia 5 November 1945
  Comoros 12 November 1975
  Congo (Republic of the) 20 September 1960
  Costa Rica 2 November 1945
  Côte d’Ivoire 20 September 1960
  Croatia 22 May 1992
  Cuba 24 October 1945
  Cyprus 20 September 1960
  Czech Republic 19 January 1993
  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea 17 September 1991
  Democratic Republic of the Congo 20 September 1960
  Denmark 24 October 1945
  Djibouti 20 September 1977
  Dominica 18 December 1978
  Dominican Republic 24 October 1945
  Ecuador 21 December 1945
  Egypt 24 October 1945
  El Salvador 24 October 1945
  Equatorial Guinea 12 November 1968
  Eritrea 28 May 1993
  Estonia 17 September 1991
  Ethiopia 13 November 1945
  Fiji 13 October 1970
  Finland 14 December 1955
  France 24 October 1945
  Gabon 20 September 1960
  Gambia 21 September 1965
  Georgia 31 July 1992
  Germany 18 September 1973
  Ghana 8 March 1957
  Greece 25 October 1945
  Grenada 17 September 1974
  Guatemala 21 November 1945
  Guinea 12 December 1958
  Guinea-Bissau 17 September 1974
  Guyana 20 September 1966
  Haiti 24 October 1945
  Honduras 17 December 1945
  Hungary 14 December 1955
  Iceland 19 November 1946
  India 30 October 1945
  Indonesia 28 September 1950
  Iran 24 October 1945
  Iraq 21 December 1945
  Ireland 14 December 1955
  Israel 11 May 1949
  Italy 14 December 1955
  Jamaica 18 September 1962
  Japan 18 December 1956
  Jordan 14 December 1955
  Kazakhstan 2 March 1992
  Kenya 16 December 1963
  Kiribati 14 September 1999
  Kuwait 14 May 1963
  Kyrgyzstan 2 March 1992
  Lao People’s Democratic Republic 14 December 1955
  Latvia 17 September 1991
  Lebanon 24 October 1945
  Lesotho 17 October 1966
  Liberia 2 November 1945
  Libya 14 December 1955
  Liechtenstein 18 September 1990
  Lithuania 17 September 1991
  Luxembourg 24 October 1945
  Madagascar 20 September 1960
  Malawi 1 December 1964
  Malaysia 17 September 1957
  Maldives 21 September 1965
  Mali 28 September 1960
  Malta 1 December 1964
  Marshall Islands 17 September 1991
  Mauritania 27 October 1961
  Mauritius 24 April 1968
  Mexico 7 November 1945
  Micronesia (Federated States of) 17 September 1991
  Monaco 28 May 1993
  Mongolia 27 October 1961
  Montenegro 28 June 2006
  Morocco 12 November 1956
  Mozambique 16 September 1975
  Myanmar 19 April 1948
  Namibia 23 April 1990
  Nauru 14 September 1999
  Nepal 14 December 1955
  Netherlands 10 December 1945
  New Zealand 24 October 1945
  Nicaragua 24 October 1945
  Niger 20 September 1960
  Nigeria 7 October 1960
  Norway 27 November 1945
  Oman 7 October 1971
  Pakistan 30 September 1947
  Palau 15 December 1994
  Panama 13 November 1945
  Papua New Guinea 10 October 1975
  Paraguay 24 October 1945
  Peru 31 October 1945
  Philippines 24 October 1945
  Poland 24 October 1945
  Portugal 14 December 1955
  Qatar 21 September 1971
  Republic of Korea 17 September 1991
  Republic of Moldova 2 March 1992
  Romania 14 December 1955
  Russian Federation 24 October 1945
  Rwanda 18 September 1962
  Saint Kitts and Nevis 23 September 1983
  Saint Lucia 18 September 1979
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 16 September 1980
  Samoa 15 December 1976
  San Marino 2 March 1992
  Sao Tome and Principe 16 September 1975
  Saudi Arabia 24 October 1945
  Senegal 28 September 1960
  Serbia 1 November 2000
  Seychelles 21 September 1976
  Sierra Leone 27 September 1961
  Singapore 21 September 1965
  Slovakia 19 January 1993
  Slovenia 22 May 1992
  Solomon Islands 19 September 1978
  Somalia 20 September 1960
  South Africa 7 November 1945
  South Sudan    14   July            2011
  Spain 14 December 1955
  Sri Lanka 14 December 1955
  Sudan 12 November 1956
  Suriname 4 December 1975
  Swaziland 24 September 1968
  Switzerland 10 September 2002
  Sweden 19 November 1946
  Syria 24 October 1945
  Tajikistan 2 March 1992
  Thailand 16 December 1946
  The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 8 April 1993
  Timor Leste 27 September 2002
  Togo 20 September 1960
  Tonga 14 September 1999
  Trinidad and Tobago 18 September 1962
  Tunisia 12 November 1956
  Turkey 24 October 1945
  Turkmenistan 2 March 1992
  Tuvalu 5 September 2000
  Uganda 25 October 1962
  Ukraine 24 October 1945
  United Arab Emirates 9 December 1971
  United Kingdom 24 October 1945
  United of Republic of Tanzania 14 December 1961
  United States 24 October 1945
  Uruguay 18 December 1945
  Uzbekistan 2 March 1992
  Vanuatu 15 September 1981
  Venezuela 15 November 1945
  Viet Nam 20 September 1977
  Yemen 30 September 1947
  Zambia 1 December 1964
  Zimbabwe 25 August 1980

UN SPECIALIZED AGENCIES

Agency Headquarters
Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations (FAO) Rome, Italy
International Civil Aviation Organization(ICAO) Montreal , Canada
International Fund For Agricultural Development(IFAD)  Rome, Italy
International Labour Organization(ILO) Geneva, Switzerland
International Maritime Organization(IMO) London , UK
International Monetary Fund(IMF) Washington D.C., USA
International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Geneva , Switzerland
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization(UNESCO) Paris, France
United Nations Industrial Development Organization(UNIDO) Vienna , Austria
Universal Postal Union (UPU) Bern, Switzerland
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) (World Bank) Washington DC, USA
World Health Organization(WHO) Geneva , Switzerland
World Intellectual Property Organization(WIPO) Geneva , Switzerland
World Meteorological Organization(WMO) Geneva , Switzerland
United Nations World Tourism Organization(UNWTO) Madrid, Spain

Other International Organizations: At a Glance

Organization Headquarters Founded
African Union(AU) Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 2002
Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation(APEC) Singapore 1989
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) Manila, Philippines 1966
The Association of South East Asian Nations(ASEAN) Jakarta, Indonesia 1967
The Commonwealth London , UK 1931
 European Union(EU) Brussels, Belgium 1993
Group of Eight(G8) No Headquarters, Budget or Permanent staff. 1975
Gulf Co-operation Council  Riyad, Saudi Arabia 1981
International Criminal Police Organization(INTERPOL) Lyon, France 1923
North Atlantic Treaty Organization(NATO) Brussels , Belgium 1949
Non Aligned Movement (NAM) Jakarta, Indonesia 1961
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries(OPEC) Vienna, Austria 1960
South Asian  Association For Regional Co-operation(SAARC) Kathmandu, Nepal 1985

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2 Comments

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