Indian Culture & Heritage : At a Glance

GEOGRAPHICAL INDIA : AT A GLANCE
Geographical India : At a glance
May 19, 2020
विभिन्न प्रतियोगिता परीक्षाओं में सामान्य अध्ययन एवं भारतीय इतिहास के प्रश्न-पत्र में निश्चित रूप से सफलता दिलाने वाली प्रामाणिक पुस्तकें
Free Downloadable E books
May 26, 2020
INDIAN CULTURE AND HERITAGE

INDIAN CULTURE AND HERITAGE

Cultural Zones of India

                  Zone                                                 Headquarters

  • South Cultural Zone  –                          Thanjavur(Tamil Nadu)
  • South Central Cultural Zone-            Nagpur(Maharashtra)
  • North Cultural Zone                 –            Patiala(Punjab)
  • North Central Cultural Zone –             Allahabad(Uttar Pradesh)
  • East Cultural Zone                     –             Kolkata(West Bengal)
  • North East Cultural Zone         –             Dimapur(Nagaland)
  • West Cultural Zone                     –            Udaipur(Rajasthan)

Classical Dances of India

            Dance  form                         State of Origin

  • Bharatnatyam  –                               Tamil Nadu
  • Kathak                 –                              Uttar Pradesh
  • Kathakali            –                               Kerala
  • Kuchipudi           –                               Andhra Pradesh
  • Manipuri               –                               Manipur
  • Mohiniyattam      –                              Kerala
  • Odissi                      –                               Odisha

Lalit Kala Akademi(National Academy of Art)

Lalit Kala Akademi (National Academy of Art), New Delhi, was set up by the Government of India as an autonomous body, on 5 August, 1954.  It is an apex cultural body of Indian Govt. in the field of visual arts. It has its regional centre in Chennai.

Folk Dances in India

            State                               Folk Dances

  • Andhra Pradesh         – Chhadi, Siddhi Madhuri, Ottam Thedai , Ghantamardala ,Kummi
  • Arunachal Pradesh  –           Aji Lamu, Rekham Pada, Ponung, Popir ,Pasi Kongki, Chalo.
  • Asom    –   Maharas,Naga Dance, Bihu, Natpuja, Bichhua ,Khel Gopal Tabel Chongali  
  • Bihar               –   Jatra, Sama Chakwa, Bakho-Bhakain,   Jata-Jatin, Panwaria
  • Chhatisgarh     –   Karma, Diwari, Mundari, Tapali, Jhumar,   Navrani, Pali, Goudi, Dagla.
  • Goa                        –          Dakni, Khol, Mandi, Jhagor 
  • Gujrat                         –           Bhawai, Garwa, Dandiya Raas, Tippani Juriun
  • Haryana                    –           Gagor, Jhumar, Daph, Phag, Gugga, Loor, Dhamaal.
  • Himachal Pradesh  –    Dangi, Chamba, Thali, Jhora, Chharhi, Jhali Chhapeli, Nati, Dhaman, Daf, Mahasu, Jhainta.
  • Jammu & Kashmir  –         Damali,  Rauf, Kud Dandi Naach, Mandjas, Hikat
  • Jharkhand                  –         Karma, Chhau, Sohrai, Danga, Sarahul, Bideshia
  • Karnataka                  –         Lambi, Huttari, Karga, Kunitha, Yakshgaan
  • Kerala                          –         Thiruvathirakali, Kolam thullal, Kolkali,

                                                           Poorakkali, Kaliyattom, Mudiettu, Thappukali,

  • Madhya Pradesh  –            Karma, Sua, Reena, Dashera, Parghoni, Bilma, 

                                                   Jharpat, Saila

  • Maharashtra             –         Dindi, kala, Phugadis,  Bharadi Gauri, Bhondala, 

                                                  Ghagar Phunkane.

  • Manipur                      –        Khamba Thoibi, Pung Cholom,  Nupa pala, Maibi
  • Meghalaya                   –       Laho, Ka Pom-Blang Nongkrem, Ka Shad   

                                                          Suk Mynsium, Ka-Shad Shyngwiang-Thangiap

  • Mizoram                       –       Khullam, Cheraw, Solakia, Chailam,   

                                                  Chwnglaizawn, Chheihlam, Tlanglam

  • Nagaland                      –        Naga,Zeliang, War Dance
  • Odisha                           –        Chhow, Chaitighoda, Danda Nata, Medha

                                                              Nacha, Changu, Karma

  • Puducherry                 –        Garadi
  • Punjab                           –       Gidda,  Bhangara, Jhummar , Jaago, Jalli,  

                                                            Luddi ,Sammi,

  • Rajasthan                     –        Ghumar, Gangaur, Jhumar, Kalbelia, Bhavai,
  • Sikkim                            –        Singhi Chham
  • Tamil Nadu                  –         Kamandi, Kummi, Kolattam, Devarattam, 

                                                          Karagam, Mayil Attam, Paampu Attam,

  • Tripura                          –      Hojagiri
  • Uttar Pradesh              –     Charkula, Swang, Nautanki, Raslila
  • West Bengal                  –  Gambhira, Alkap, Nacni, Domni

Sangeet Natak Akademi

Sangeet Natak Akademi is the apex body of performing arts and a national academy of music, dance and drama.  It was established in 1953. It aims the promotion, preservation and enrichment of India’s cultural heritage.

Sahitya Akademi

Sahitya Akademi is the central institution for literary dialogue, publication, and promotion of literature in India. It was established in 1954.  Sahitya Akademi is the only institution that undertakes literary activities in 24 Indian languages including English & Rajasthani.

The Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH)

UNESCO’S World Heritage Convention seeks to safeguard and ensure respect for the Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) of individuals, groups and communities. It also raises awareness towards the importance of these items of heritage. India has following fourteen items on the Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) List-

  1. The Tradition of Vedic Chanting
  2. Kuttiyattam: Sanskrit Theatre
  3. Ramlila: The traditional performance of the Ramayana
  4. Ramman: Religious Festival and ritual theatre of the Garhwal
  5. Novrouz
  6. Kalbelia: Folk songs and dances of Rajasthan
  7. Mudiyettyu: Ritual theatre and dance, Kerala
  8. Chhau dance
  9. Buddhist Chanting of Laddakh
  10. Sankirtana, ritual singing, drumming and dancing of Manipur
  11. Tradiitional brass and copper craft of utensil making among the Thatheras of Jandiala Guru, Punjab
  12. Yoga
  13. Nawrouz, Novruz, Nowrouz
  14. Kumbh Mela

Languages in the 8th Schedule of the Indian Constituion

  • Assamese
  • Bengali
  • Bodo
  • Dogri
  • Gujarati
  • Hindi
  • Kannada
  • Kashmiri
  • Konkani
  • Maithili
  • Malayalam
  • Manipuri
  • Marathi
  • Nepali
  • Oriya
  • Punjabi
  • Sanskrit
  • Santhali
  • Sindhi
  • Tamil
  • Telugu
  • Urdu.

Cultural Institutions & Organisations

Name of the Institution                      Year of Establishment

                                                              

  • The Asiatic Society , Kolkata                                                                               1784
  • Indian Museum, Kolkata                                                                                      1814
  • Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), Delhi       –                                               1861
  • National Archives of India , Delhi                                                                         1891
  • Victoria Memorial Hall, Kolkata                                                                            1921
  • Kalakshetra Foundation , Chennai                                                                      1936
  • Anthropological Survey of India (AnSI), Kolkata                                                1945
  • National Museum, Delhi                                                                                       1949
  • Salar Jung Museum , Hyderabad                                                                         1951
  • Nava Nalanda Mahavira, Nalanda                                                                       1951
  • National Gallery of Modern art(NAGMA), Delhi                                                  1954
  • National School of Drama, DELHI                                                                        1959
  • Kathak Kendra, New Delhi                                                                                    1964
  • Central University of Tibetan Studies, Varanasi                                                  1967
  • National Research Laboratory for Conservation of Cultural Property  (NRLC), Lucknow                                                              1976
  • Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangrahalaya, Bhopal                                     1977         National Council of Science Museums, Kolkata                                                 1978
  • Centre for Cultural Resources and Training(CCRT), Delhi                                  1979
  • Gandhi Smriti & Darshan  Samiti, Delhi                                                               1984
  • Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts(IGNCA),Delhi                                   1987
  • National Museum Institute of History of Art, Conservation and Museology(NMI),  Delhi                                                        1989
  • Central Institute of Himalayan  Culture Studies, Dahung, (A.P.)                        2010

                                                             

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *