Palaeolithic Age tools
Sure Success SSC Special General Awareness
June 7, 2020
The Great people
ऐतिहासिक-व्यक्तित्व-1
July 21, 2020
  • Official Name                 –  Gujarat
  • Earlier Name                 –   Pratichya, Varuna( Historical Names)
  • Capital                             –   Gandhinagar
  • Lok Sabha seats                  –      26
  • Rajya Sabha seats               –     11
  • Legislative Assembly Seats-  182
  • Total Districts                       –   33
  • Location   –   Gujarat is located between 20°6’ North and   24°42’ North latitude and  68°10’ East and 74° 28’  East longitude . 
  • Formed on                       – 1 May, 1960
  •  Area                                      – 1, 96,024 sq.  Km.
  • Principal  Languages          –   Gujarati, Hindi, Kutchi, 
  •  Per Capita    Income(2010-11) –   75,115   (At Current Prices)
  • Forest Area (sq. km)             – 19,113 (9.75 % of total Geographical Area)
  • Legislature                                – Unicameral
  • Judiciary                                     – Gujarat High Court

           Forts of Gujarat

Lakhota Fort- Jamnagar                                                        Bhujia Hill Fort- Bhuj

Uparkot Fort – Junagarh                                                         Pavagarh Fort – Panchmahal 

Old Fort         – Surat                                                               Dhoraji Fort     – Porbandar

Okha Port      -Dwarka                                                           Ilva Durga(Ancient Fort)- Idar

Zinzuwada Fort – Rann of Kutch                                            Bhadra Fort   – Ahemadabad

Dhaboi Fort – Major Gateway of Narmada Dam

  • Major sites of Indus  Valley Civilization      –  Lothal and Dholavira
  •  Boundaries       – It is bordered by Pakistan and Rajasthan in the North-East, Madhya 

                                          Pradesh in the East, and Maharashtra and the Union Territories of   

                                          Diu,Daman, Dadra and Nagar Haveli in the South. The Arabian Sea 

                                          borders the State to the West and the South-West.

  • State Bird          –     Greater Flamingo                                       
  • State Tree            –  Banyan
  • State Animal       –   Asiatic Lion
  •  State Flower       –  Marigold
  •  Highest Point       –  Girnar (3,383 ft)
  • Coastline                –   1600 km.
  • National Parks  –   Gir National Park,  Sasan Gir(Junagadh),   Black buck National park

                                 , Velavader(Bhavnagar),  Vansda National Park,Vansda(Navasari),

                                    Marine National Park, Gulf of Kachchha (Jamnagar)

  • Major Crops  –  Wheat, Groundnut, Cotton, Rice, Maize , Mustard, Sesame, and Fruits and Vegetables.
  • Festivals   –   Bhavai , rass-Garba, Makar Sankranti, Uttarayan, Tazia                                      
Fact File    Demographic Profile of Gujarat (Census-2011)
Population  
Total Persons  60,383,628 
Males  – 31,482,282
Females  – 28,901,346
Literacy Rate (2011)
Total Persons  –  79.31%
Males             –  87.23%
Females          – 70.73 %
Decadal Growth Rate
1991-2001    – 22.48 %
2001-2011    -19.17  %            
Proportion of Child Population
(In the Age Group 0-6 to Total Population)
Total Persons   – 12.41 %
Males              – 12.62 %
Females           – 12.18 %
Sex Ratio
(No. of Females per 1000 males) 2001         – 920
2011       –   918
Rural Population  
Total Persons   – 34,670817 
Males             – 17,802,975 
Females          – 16,867,842
Urban Population  
Total Persons – 25,712,811 
Males – 13,679307
Females  – 12,033,504
Population Density
(Per sq. km)
2001     –  258 2011       – 308

Salient Facts   –              

  • The East India Company founded a factory in Surat in 1614.
  • Ahmadabad was the first capital of Gujarat; it was moved to Gandhinagar in 1970.
  •  Narmada is one of only three rivers (others-Tapi & Mahi) in Peninsular India that run from east to west.
  •  Gujarat is the only home of Asiatic Lions in India.

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