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  • Official Name                 – Bihar
  • Earlier Name                 –  Magadh (Ancient Historical name)
  • Capital                             –  Patna (Ancient name-Patliputra)
  • Lok Sabha seats                  –      40
  • Rajya Sabha seats               –      16
  • Legislative Assembly Seats-   243 
  • Legislative Council  Seats    –  75
  • Total Districts                       –    38   
  • Location   – Bihar lies between 21° 58’    to 27°31’  North latitude and 83° 19’   to 88°17’ East longitude.   
  • Divisons  –  Patna, Magadh, Saran, Tirhut, Darbhanga,  Koshi, Purnea, Bhagalpur, Munger.
  •  Area                 – 94,163 sq. km (Rural-92358.40 sq. km/Urban 3118237.74 sq. km.)
  • Official Language                 –   Hindi , Urdu

Legislature                                –  Bicameral(Legislative Council & Legislative Assembly)

Judiciary                                    – Patna High Court At Patna

Rivers          –  Ganga, Sone, Falgu,Kosi, Durgawati,   Gandak, Poonpoon,   Ghaghara.

Administrative Divisions

  •   Divisions : 9
  • Total Districts: 38
  •  Sub –Districts: 101
  •  Towns :   207
  •  Statutory Towns: 139
  •  Villages : 45,103
  • Blocks : 534
  • Panchayats : 8,406

Soil in Bihar    

1. Piedmont SoilNorth-Western part of West Champaran  

2. Terai Soil-Northern part of the Bihar along the border of Nepal  

3. Gangetic Alluvium- The Plain Of Bihar  

  • Height above Sea Level       – 173 Ft.                                
  •  Boundaries       –   It is bounded by Nepal on the north, West Bengal on the East, Uttar     
  • Pradesh on the West and Jharkhand on the South.                              
  • State Tree            –     Peepal
  • State Flower        –    Marigold
  • National Parks –    Valmiki National Park, West Champaran( Area-335.6 km2).  
  • Reserved Forest-   693 sq. km.
  • Agriculture   –    Principal Food Crops- Wheat, Maize,Paddy  and Pulses. Cash Crops-Potato, Onion, Oilseeds, Tobacco, Sugarcane.
  • Festivals      –  Chhath(Oct.-Nov.), Godhan, Teej, Jeutia, Buddha  Purnima,  Shrawani   Purnima,    Harihar Kshetra (Sonepur) cattle Fair.

  Demographic Profile of Bihar (Census-2011)

Population  
Total Persons  – 103,804,637 
Males            – 54,185,347
Females          – 49,619,290
Literacy Rate(2011)
Total Persons  –  63.82 %
Males             –  73.39 %
Females          –  53.33 %
Decadal Growth Rate
1991-2001    – 28.6%
2001-2011    – 25.07 %             
Proportion of Child Population
(In the Age Group 0-6 to Total Population)
Total Persons   –  17.90 %
Males              –  17.75 %
Females           –  18.07 %
Sex Ratio
(No. of Females per 1000 males)
2001         – 919
2011       –   916
Rural Population  
Total Persons   – 92,075,028 
Males             – 47,983,851
 Females          – 44,091,177

Urban Population  
Total Persons  –  11,729,609 
Males             – 6,201,496

Females          –  5,528,113

Salient Facts  

  • Bihar is the third most populated state in India after Uttar Pradesh  & Maharashtra.     
  • The name Bihar is originated from the Sanskrit word ’Vihara’ , which means ‘’ Adobe”.
  • Bihar is the 12th largest state of India in terms of Geographical Area.
  • Mohammed bin –Bakhtiar Khalji was the first conqueror of Bihar.
  • The world’s first university ‘Nalanda University’ was established during the Gupta period.

            

                                                                                                 

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